Runes of the elder Futhark
The Anglo-Saxon Futhark added nine extra runes and some alternate forms of the runes that are found in the Elder Futhark. Several of the runes take on slightly different forms.
Os (Ansuz) takes on a slightly different form with the addition of upward lines, while Aesc is the form that was Ansuz and Ar and Aes are added to the end of the Futhark
|Is Ansuz or „Os“ in the Anglo-Saxon futhark||Ac phonetic value „a“ Oak Tree|
|Aesc Phonetic value „a“ as in „at“
Ash tree, or primal human material
|Yr Phonetic value „un“ gold decoration
Primal human material
|Ior Phonetic value „io“ serpent
|‚Ear Phonetic value „ao“ or „eo“
|Cweorth Phonetic value „ao“ or „oe“
|Calc Phonetic value „k“
chalk, cup, or crystal goblet
|Stone Phonetic value „st“
stone, or altar stone
|Gar Phonetic value „g“
Spear, Odhinn’s spear
This series was written by Valkyrie* and posted originally on Runes/Asatru on PODS. The names, primary definition and sound assignment are from Edred Thorsson’s books on runes, Futhark, At the Well of Wyrd and Runelore. Other sources and personal experience have been drawn on for the discussions.
Copyright January 1994 by *Susan Granquist*
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